/skeɪl / (say skayl)

1. one of the thin, flat, horny or hard plates that form the covering of certain animals, as fishes.
2. any thin plate-like piece, lamina, or flake such as peels off from a surface.
3. Botany
a. a small rudimentary body, usually a specialised leaf, covering the leaf buds of deciduous trees in cold climates.
b. a thin scarious or membranous part of a plant, as a bract of a catkin.
c. the fleshy food storage structures of a bulb.
4. a scale insect.
5. the protective covering secreted by the scale insect.
6. Metallurgy
a. the crust of metallic oxide formed by cooling of hot metals in air.
b. the encrustation caused in steam boilers by the evaporation of water containing mineral salts.
c. a fault in glass or vitreous enamelware, in the form of an embedded particle of metal oxide or carbon.
verb (scaled, scaling)
verb (t)
7. to remove the scales or scale from: to scale fish.
8. Metallurgy to remove the film of oxide formed on the surface of a metal.
9. to remove in scales or thin layers.
10. to cover with an encrustation or scale.
11. to skip, as a stone over water.
verb (i)
12. to come off in scales.
13. to shed scales.
14. to become coated with scale, as the inside of a boiler.
{Middle English, from Old French, aphetic modification of escale, of Germanic origin; related to shell}
/skeɪl / (say skayl)

1. the pan, or either of the pans or dishes, of a balance.
2. (usually plural) a balance, or any of various other more or less complicated devices for weighing.
verb (t) (scaled, scaling)
3. to weigh in or as in scales.
4. to have a weight of.
5. tilt (or tip) the scales of justice, to pervert the legal system.
6. tip (or turn) the scales, to determine the outcome of something that has been in doubt.
7. tip the scale(s) at, to weigh: *Her name is Rosabelle McGee, and she tips the scales at 303 –criena rohan, 1963.
{Middle English, from Scandinavian; compare Icelandic skāl bowl}
/skeɪl / (say skayl)

1. a succession or progression of steps or degrees; a graduated series.
2. a point on such a scale.
3. a series of marks laid down at determinate distances, as along a line, for purposes of measurement or computation: the scale of a thermometer.
4. a graduated line, as on a map, representing proportionate size.
5. a graduated table of prices, wages, etc.
6. an instrument with graduated spaces, for measuring, etc.
7. the proportion which the representation of an object bears to the object: a model on a scale of one centimetre to a metre.
8. the ratio of distances (or, less commonly, of areas) on a map to the corresponding values on the earth.
9. a certain relative or proportionate size or extent: a residence on a yet more magnificent scale.
10. a standard of measurement or estimation.
11. Arithmetic a system of numerical notation: the decimal scale.
12. Music a succession of notes ascending or descending according to fixed intervals, especially such a series beginning on a particular note: the major scale of C.
13. Music the compass or range of a voice or an instrument.
14. Education a graded series of tests or tasks for measuring intelligence, achievement, adjustment, etc.
15. Obsolete anything by which one may ascend.
16. Obsolete a ladder; a flight of stairs.
verb (scaled, scaling)
verb (t)
17. to climb by, or as by, a ladder; climb up or over.
18. Colloquial to ride on a public conveyance, especially a tram, without paying a fare: scale a rattler.
19. to make according to scale.
20. to measure by, or as if by, a scale.
21. to adjust (marks in an examination) in accordance with a relative proportion established for that examination.
verb (i)
22. to climb; ascend; mount.
23. to progress in a graduated series.
24. to adjust (marks in an examination) in accordance with a relative proportion established for that examination.
25. on a wide scale, over a broad area.
26. scale down, to decrease, especially according to a fixed proportion.
27. scale up, to increase, especially according to a fixed proportion.
28. to scale, with the proportions of the original correctly maintained in the representation: a map drawn to scale.
{Middle English, from Latin scāla staircase, ladder}
scaling, noun

Australian English dictionary. 2014.


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  • scale — scale1 [skāl] n. [ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob s ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND] 1. Obs. a) a ladder or flight of stairs b) any means of ascent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale-up —   [skeɪl ʌp, englisch] das, , Bezeichnung für die Maßstabsvergrößerung bei Anlagen der Verfahrenstechnik. Nach der häufig angewandten Ähnlichkeitstheorie werden bei der Übertragung von Laborergebnissen in den großtechnischen Maßstab möglichst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus